AtlantOS, coordinated by the GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel (Germany) is a project responding to the Horizon 2020 call BG-8-2014 for « Developing in-situ Atlantic Ocean Observations for a better management and sustainable exploitation of maritime resources ».
AtlantOS is a research and innovation project that proposes the integration of ocean observing activities across all disciplines for the Atlantic. The overarching goal of AtlantOS is the integration of the so-far loosely-coordinated set of existing ocean observing activities to a sustainable, efficient, and fit-for-purpose Integrated Atlantic Ocean Observing System (IAOOS). The IAOOS is to form the ocean in-situ observing backbone of the Copernicus Marine Monitoring system, which is the marine part of the European Earth Observation Programme.
With contributions from Ifremer, LOV, GEOMAR and its partners, the Euro-Argo ERIC aims at contributing to the progressive extension of the Argo core mission towards the deep ocean and biogeochemistry, and develop long-term plans:
- Deploy 7 deep-oxygen and 7 Bio-Argo floats in the North-Atlantic
- Work on improving Bio-Argo float capabilities, especially to adapt new biogeochemical sensors
- Refine Delayed-Mode QC processing and achieve the objective to deliver a consistent Argo and Bio-Argo dataset for the Atlantic
- Work on the long-term sustainability issues for Bio-Argo and Deep-Argo after the AtlantOS pilot project.
The overall budget for the Argo task is 1.650 M€ and the Euro-Argo ERIC is in charge of float purchase (7 Deep Argo and 6 Bio Argo floats for 580 k€) and organizing their deployment. The AtlantOS proposal, integrating the Euro-Argo ERIC contribution, was accepted in December 2015.
The AltantOS project is made up of eleven work packages, organised in 10 high-level themes on :
- Observing system requirements and design studies (OSSE)
- Enhancement of ship-based and autonomous observing networks
- Interfaces with coastal ocean observing systems
- Integrated regional observing systems (climate and fisheries)
- Cross-cutting issues and emerging networks
- Data flow and data integration
- Social benefits from observing/information systems
- System evaluation and sustainability
Links between the project work packages are summarized in the project logic diagram. AtlantOS takes strategic guidance from the Framework of Ocean Observing‘ developed by the post OceanObs‘09 task team applying an engineering system thinking to ocean observing; considering the input/requirements (orange), the process/observations (purple) and the output/data & products (green) to feed scientific and societal benefits.